Nothing can prepare one for the first time they are seen "live" and in person. They are quite impressive, rising 300 feet above the Nile plateau, while The Egyptian plain itself is nearly 300 feet above the Nile River Valley

Many legends and speculation in Egyptian mythology surround the pyramids. Why were they built, and how were they built? They have been described as burial tombs for the pharaohs, and giant observatories. Speculation also exists they were ceremonial sites where the ancients performed secret rituals.

It is my understanding there is no evidence anyone was ever buried in a pyramid. The other functions seem to make more sense. The giant pyramid, or pyramid of Cheops(Khufu), is aligned to the four cardinal points of the earth.

Following and extending one line along the base, the line would pass through Bethlehem, while another line would extend through Stonehenge. The various viewing points also line up with different constellations that were important to the ancient Egyptians.

Many have tried to explain how they were built. Using pulleys, ramps, and thousands of workman to construct them is the most accepted theory. Yet, not much of it makes sense. Built on the highest ground for miles, it's hard to visualize how ramps could have worked. Also, there would still be evidence of the ramps.

The Egyptians knew how to build a society

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The Cairo Museum

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Imohotep: The First articifer of Stone

The Sphinx and Pyramid Pitcher
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Objects are on display from every dynasty and era of Egyptian history. I doubt there is a museum anywhere that has more artifacts than this one. One of the largest displays is King Tut, the boy emperor. Even with all the things displayed from his rule, only about one-fourth are available for viewing. Most of his artifacts are stored in the basement, there just isn't room for everything. It is hard to imagine how that much wealth could be accumulated in such a short period of time.

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5th Dynasty Figurine

The Cheops Pyramid

Dating back to the land before time,Egypt continues to be a land of mystery and intrigue. Many Egyptians are still farming and earning a living today much the same way they did in ancient Egypt, almost ten thousand years ago. Most are still using irrigation water from the Nile River via the same irrigation canals used many generations ago. Not much seems to have changed in this ancient land

As I viewed the ancient Egyptian pyramids and temples, it seemed to me their civilization had digressed over time. You can't help but wonder how the same peoples that built the pyramids, today can only build rudimentary mud huts. Buildings and homes built over 1500 years ago are like the ones constructed today.

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Located high above Cairo sits the Giza Plane, site of the Ancient pyramids of Giza. Sitting on the highest land for miles around with an ancient dry river valley to the north of the pyramids, and the Nile to the east, it's hard to envision how these ancient monuments could have been constructed.

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Several days could be spent experiencing and photographing ancient history at it's finest in the Valley of the Dead. The ancient Egyptians spent many centuries building edifices in this area. The Valley of the Dead includes the Valley of the Kings, Valley of the Queens, Habou Temple, Colossus of Mennon and the Temple of Hatsheput.

The underground burial tombs prevalent in the area contain the remains and possessions of not only ancient kings and queens, but also many ordinary citizens. King Tut probably is the most famous. His tomb and many others are open for viewing.